The Twentieth Century | British Literature Wiki


twentieth century british literature

Twentieth-Century Literature also invites reviews of recent books of scholarship and criticism focusing on twentieth-century literature. Reviews should be 5–12 typed pages and should follow Chicago style. Please query the reviews editor, Gregory Castle (, before submission. This course is an introduction to British literature of the twentieth century through a close reading of fiction, drama, and poetry. Placing the texts in a social, historical and formal context, we will consider how the definition of Englishness has shifted in the course of. Apr 17,  · The 20th century was like no time period before it. Einstein, Darwin, Freud and Marx were just some of the thinkers who profoundly changed Western culture. These changes took distinct shape in the literature of the 20th century. Modernism, a movement that was a radical break from 19th century Victorianism, led to.

Duke University Press - Twentieth-Century Literature

This article is focused on English-language literature rather than the literature of England, so that it includes writers from Scotland, Wales, and the whole of Ireland, as well as literature in English from former British colonies. It also includes, to some extent, the US, though the main article here is American literature.

Modernism is a major literary movement of the first part of the twentieth-century. The term Postmodern literature is used to describe certain tendencies in post-World War II literature. Irish writers were especially important in the twentieth-century, including James Joyce and later Samuel Beckettboth central figures in the Modernist movement.

Americans, like poets T. Eliot and Ezra Pound and novelist William Faulknerwere other important modernists. British modernists include Joseph ConradE. In the mid-twentieth-century major writers started to appear in the various countries of the British Commonwealthincluding several Nobel laureates. In the early 20th-century literary modernism developed in the English-speaking world due to a general sense of disillusionment with the Victorian era attitudes of certainty, conservatism, and belief in the idea of objective truth.

Frazer —Karl Marx —83 Das Kapital, and the psychoanalytic theories of Sigmund Freud —among others. A major British lyric poet of the first decades of the 20th century was Thomas Hardy — Though not a modernist, Hardy was twentieth century british literature important transitional figure between the Victorian era and the 20th century.

A major novelist of the late 19th century, Hardy, after the adverse criticism of his last novel, Jude the Obscuretwentieth century british literature on publishing poetry. On the other hand, another significant transitional figure between Victorians and modernists, the lateth-century novelist, Henry James —continued to publish major works into the 20th century.

James, born in the US, lived in Europe fromand became a British citizen in However, the Victorian Gerard Manley Hopkins 's —89 highly original poetry was not published untillong after his death, while the career of another major modernist poet, Irishman W. Yeats —began late in the Victorian era. Yeats was one of the foremost figures of 20th-century literature.

A pillar of both the Irish and British literary establishments, in his later years he served as an Irish Senator for two terms. Yeats was a driving force behind the Irish Literary Revival. In he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Twentieth century british literaturethe first Irishman so honoured, twentieth century british literature. In addition to W. Yeats other important early modernist poets were the American poets T.

Eliot — and Ezra Pound — Eliot became a British citizen in but was born and educated in America. Ezra Pound was not only a major poet, first publishing part of The Cantos inbut an important mentor for other poets, twentieth century british literature, most significantly in his editorial advice for Eliot's poem The Wasteland.

Gertrude Stein —an American expatriate living in Paris, famous for her line " Rose is a rose is a rose is a rose ," was also an important literary force during this time period. American poet Marianne Moore — published from the s to the s. But while modernism was to become an important literary movement in the early decades of the new century, there were also many fine writers who, like Thomas Hardy, were not modernists.

During the early decades of the 20th century the Georgian poets like Rupert Brooke —Walter de la Mare —and John Masefield —, Poet Laureate from maintained a conservative approach to poetry by combining romanticism, sentimentality and hedonism, sandwiched as they were between the Victorian era, twentieth century british literature, with its strict classicism, and Modernism, with its strident rejection of pure aestheticism. Edward Thomas — is sometimes treated as another Georgian poet.

Irish playwrights George Bernard Shaw — and J. Synge — were influential in British drama. Shaw's career began in the last decade of the 19th century, while Synge's plays belong to the first decade of the 20th century. Synge's most famous play, The Playboy of the Western World"caused outrage and riots when it was first performed" in Dublin in Many of his works, such as Hay FeverPrivate LivesDesign for LivingPresent Laughter and Blithe Spirithave remained in the regular theatre repertoire.

Amongst the novelists, after Joseph Conradother important early modernists include Dorothy Richardson —whose novel Pointed Roofis one of the earliest example of the stream of consciousness technique, and D.

Lawrence —who published The Rainbow inthough it was immediately seized by the police. Ulysses has been called twentieth century british literature demonstration and summation of the entire movement". William Faulkner 's The Sound and the Fury is another significant modernist novel, that uses the stream of consciousness technique. Novelists who are not considered modernists include: Rudyard Kipling — who was also a successful poet; H.

Chesterton — ; and E. Forster 's —though Forster's work is "frequently regarded as containing both modernist and Victorian elements". Other novels include Kipps and Mr Polly Forster's most famous work, A Passage to Indiatwentieth century british literature, reflected challenges to imperialism, while his earlier novels, such as A Room with a View and Howards Endexamined the restrictions and hypocrisy of Edwardian society in England.

Another major work of science fiction, from the early 20th century, is A Voyage to Arcturus by Scottish writer David Lindsayfirst published in It combines fantasyphilosophy, and science fiction in an exploration of the nature of good and evil and their relationship twentieth century british literature existence. It has been described by writer Colin Wilson as the "greatest novel of the twentieth century", [16] and was a central influence on C.

Lewis 's Space Trilogy, twentieth century british literature. The most popular British writer of the early years of the 20th century was arguably Rudyard Kiplinga highly versatile writer of novels, short stories and poems, and to date the youngest ever recipient of the Nobel Prize for Literature Kipling's reputation declined during his lifetime, but more recently postcolonial studies has "rekindled an intense interest in his work, viewing it as both symptomatic and critical of imperialist attitudes".

Chesterton was a prolific and hugely influential writer with a diverse output. His best-known twentieth century british literature is the priest-detective Father Brownwho appeared only in short stories, while The Man Who Was Thursday published in is arguably his best-known novel.

Of his nonfiction, twentieth century british literature, Charles Dickens: A Critical Study has received some of the broadest-based praise [ by whom? The modernist movement continued through the s and s and beyond. During the period between the World Wars, American drama came to maturity, thanks in large part to the works of Eugene O'Neill — O'Neill's experiments with theatrical form and his use of both Naturalist and Expressionist techniques had a major influence on American dramatists.

Cummings and Wallace Stevens were publishing from the s until the s. Similarly William Faulkner continued to publish until the s and was awarded a Nobel Prize in Wodehouse — who was not a modernist and D.

Lawrence's Lady Chatterley's Lover was published privately in Florence inthough the unexpurgated version was not published in Britain until Her essay A Room of One's Own contains her famous dictum "A woman must have money and a room of her own if she is to write fiction".

In the s W. Auden and Christopher Isherwood co-authored verse dramas, of which The Ascent of F6 is the most notable, that owed much to Bertolt Brecht. Eliot had begun this attempt to revive poetic drama with Sweeney Agonistes inand this was followed by The RockMurder in the Cathedral and Family Reunion There were three further plays after the war.

In Parenthesisa modernist epic poem by David Jones — first published inis probably the best known contribution from Wales to the literature of the First World War. An important development, beginning in the s and s was a tradition of working class novels actually written by working-class background writers. Henry Miller 's Tropic of Cancer then appeared inthough it was banned for many years in both Britain and America.

This same year Graham Greene 's —91 first major novel Brighton Rock was published. Then in James Joyce 's published Finnegans Wakein which he twentieth century british literature a special language to express the consciousness of a dreaming character.

Yeatstwentieth century british literature, died. British poet W. Auden was another significant modernist in the s. Though some have seen modernism ending by around[22] with regard to English literature, "When if modernism petered out and postmodernism began has been contested almost as hotly as when the transition from Victorianism to modernism occurred".

Furthermore, Basil Buntingborn intwentieth century british literature, published little until Briggflatts in twentieth century british literature Samuel Beckettborn in Ireland incontinued to produce significant works until the s, including Waiting for Godottwentieth century british literature, Happy DaysRockabythough some view him as a post-modernist.

Among British writers in the s and s were novelist Graham Greene whose works span the s to the s and poet Dylan Thomaswhile Evelyn Waughand W. Auden continued publishing significant work. In Malcolm Lowry published Under the Volcanowhile George Orwell 's dystopia of totalitarianism,was published in One of the most influential novels of the immediate post-war period was William Cooper 's naturalistic Scenes from Provincial Lifea conscious rejection of the modernist tradition. Other novelists writing in the s twentieth century british literature later were: Anthony Powell whose twelve-volume cycle of novels A Dance to the Music of Timeis a comic examination of movements and manners, power and passivity in English political, cultural and military life in the midth century; comic novelist Kingsley Amis is best known for his academic satire Lucky Jim ; Nobel Prize laureate William Golding 's allegorical novel Lord of the Fliestwentieth century british literature, explores how culture created by man fails, using as an example a group of British schoolboys marooned on a deserted island who try to govern twentieth century british literature, but with disastrous results.

Philosopher Iris Murdoch was a prolific writer of novels throughout the second half of the 20th century, that deal especially with sexual relationships, twentieth century british literature, morality, and the power of the unconscious, including Under the NetThe Black Prince and The Green Knight Scottish writer Muriel Spark pushed the boundaries of realism in her novels. Her first, The Comforters concerns a woman who becomes aware that she is a character in a novel; The Prime of Miss Jean Brodieat times takes the reader briefly into the distant future, twentieth century british literature see the various fates that befall its characters, twentieth century british literature.

Anthony Burgess is especially remembered for his dystopian novel A Clockwork Orangeset in the not-too-distant future, which was made into a film by Stanley Kubrick in In the entirely different genre of Gothic fantasy Mervyn Peake —68 published his highly successful Gormenghast trilogy between and One of Penguin Books' most successful publications in the s was Richard Adams 's heroic fantasy Watership Down Evoking epic themes, it recounts the odyssey of a group of rabbits seeking to establish a new home.

Another successful novel of the same era was John Fowles ' The French Lieutenant's Womanwith a narrator who freely admits the fictive nature of his story, and its famous alternative endings. This was made into a film in with a screenplay by Harold Pinter. Angela Carter —92 was a novelist and journalist, known for her feminist, magical realism, and picaresque works. Margaret Drabble born is a novelist, biographer and critic, who published from the s into the 21st century. Her older sister, A.

Byatt born is best known for Possession published in Martin Amis born is one of the most prominent of contemporary British novelists. His best-known novels are Money and London Fields Pat Barker born has won many awards for her fiction. English novelist and screenwriter Ian McEwan born is another of contemporary Britain's most highly regarded writers.


Twentieth-Century British Literature | Department of English Language and Literature


twentieth century british literature


Twentieth-Century Literature also invites reviews of recent books of scholarship and criticism focusing on twentieth-century literature. Reviews should be 5–12 typed pages and should follow Chicago style. Please query the reviews editor, Gregory Castle (, before submission. This course is an introduction to British literature of the twentieth century through a close reading of fiction, drama, and poetry. Placing the texts in a social, historical and formal context, we will consider how the definition of Englishness has shifted in the course of. Literature of the 20th century refers to world literature produced during the 20th century ( to ).. In terms of the Euro-American tradition, the main periods are captured in the bipartite division, Modernist literature and Postmodern literature, flowering from roughly to and to respectively, divided, as a rule of thumb, by World War II.